The history of one of the oldest steelworks in Europe dates back to 1771.

At that time, two charcoal furnaces and a forge owned by the Imperial Treasury in Vienna was built in the town of Resita. In 1855 the works were bought by the Austrian State Railway Company (Staats-Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft).

In 1920, there were two new blast furnaces, coke plant, steel plant, rolling mills, foundry and forge. Production focused mainly on bridge building constructions, but was gradually expanded to the production of locomotives.

After nationalization in 1948 the engineering and metallurgical works were merged into one plant know as Combinatul Metalurgic Reșița.
The gradual decline in production started after the fall of communism era. The blast furnace production was ceased in1991, the blast furnace no. 2 was preserved until today as a technical monument.

The works were bought by Russia-based TMK company 2006 and gradually modernized.
New continuous caster and vacuum oxygen decarburisation was installed in 2007 and new electric arc furnace was put into operation in 2009.

Resita steelworks are known today as No. 2 Siderurgical production plant of TMK-Artrom.

Keywords: Combinatul Metalurgic Reșița, banat, steelworks, romania, tmk group, tmk artrom, ocelarna, industrial photography, industriekultur, beauty of steel project, electric arc furnace, 2021

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